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Tooth Sensitivity | Symptoms & Treatment | Health Tips

Our teeth allow us to chew and break down the food we eat before it goes into our stomach. This makes them one of the most important parts of our body. The teeth, on their own, are pretty strong and resistant to almost all kind of threats from outside. Even our saliva has antimicrobial properties which help the teeth in staying germ-free.
Tooth Sensitivity - Symptoms & Treatment | Health Tips

However, thanks to our changing lifestyle, the teeth have to bear a lot of abuse without enough care.

All this leads to a lot of dental problems like cavities, yellowing of teeth and tooth sensitivity. In this article, I will share the common symptoms one can see when he/she is suffering from tooth sensitivity. I will also share some tips for preventions and finally, some tips on what you can do if you already have sensitivity.

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Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

As I mentioned before, the human body has provided a mechanism to keep the teeth healthy and germ-free on their own. There is a coating of a substance called ENAMEL over our teeth which keeps them safe and strong.

When we eat food, some part of it can stick to the teeth. Now any food, by default, is broken down, in the mouth, by the action of necessary enzymes. This causes the production of acidic compounds, and since this process happens on food stuck to the teeth, the acidic compound also causes damage to the teeth.

The effect isn't huge to be visible in the short term. But if allowed to continue, constant corrosion by this acid can damage some part of the enamel coating of our teeth.

Think of it in terms of the Ozone Layer. The ozone layer is a protective coating in the atmosphere which saves us from harmful UV rays. But the use of CFC caused depletion of the ozone layer leading to a hole in this layer.

Similarly, Enamel is a protective layer for our teeth. But repeated damages from the acidic compounds damage this layer and can cause holes to appear in the enamel, causing tooth sensitivity.

Symptoms of Tooth Sensitivity

Now, you may be wondering, how small holes in the enamel coating cause sensitivity?

What are the symptoms of tooth sensitivity?

Lets first check out the symptoms.

The main and common symptom of tooth sensitivity is the pain in the teeth when eating something very hot, very cold, very sweet or acidic like aerated drinks. Even using alcohol based mouthwash can cause pain.
This happens because the very hot or very cold food that we consume, affects the inner nerves of the teeth thanks to the holes formed in enamel.

Depending on how badly the enamel is damaged, the intensity of pain can vary. Those who have badly damaged enamel may feel a lot of pain even when eating regular food items. Others may only feel the pain when eating extreme foods.

However, what's important to note here is that if you consistently feel some pain in a specific tooth, or teeth, when eating some hot, cold or sweet, then you are definitely suffering from tooth sensitivity.

Prevention Tips

If you are not yet suffering from tooth sensitivity yet, don't start celebrating!

This is a very common problem and can occur anytime if you are not careful. 

Some tips you can follow to prevent tooth sensitivity from happening are:
  • Brush teeth twice daily

  • Don't brush your teeth hard. Be gentle while brushing. The main aim of brushing the teeth is to remove the stuck food particles. Brushing hard can cause wear and tear of enamel. 
tooth sensitivity prevention

  • Use a soft or Ultra soft-bristled toothbrush.

  • Use only pea-sized paste while brushing. Don't take excess like they show in Advertisements. Excess toothpaste can harm the teeth since it is also a chemical compound.

  • Try and avoid eating sticky food items, like candy etc, too much. And whenever you do, make sure to rinse your mouth whenever you find the time.

  • Don't grind your teeth. Many people have the habit of grinding their teeth. This also causes wear and tear of enamel.
These are some of the tips that can ensure good health for your teeth. Make sure to follow these tips, and make your kids follow them as well, for healthy teeth all around.


As I have already mentioned, tooth sensitivity can either be very extreme, where you may feel a lot of pain even with regular food items. Or it may be just in its initial stages, where you feel slight/mild pain when eating very hot, very cold or very sweet food items.

  • If you belong to the former category, then it means you tooth is quite damaged. You definitely should visit a dentist, if you haven't already. 
tooth sensitivity treatment

Depending on the damage, the doctor might suggest a filling in your teeth to prevent the food from touching the teeth nerves. Or he might suggest removing that tooth altogether. As bad as that may seem, it is the best solution to your problem.

  • However, if you belong to the latter category and have mild pain when consuming some types of food, there is still some hope.
tooth sensitivity treatment

You can visit a dentist for a consultation, but in most cases, it may not be needed.
You should, however, definitely start following the prevention tips I mentioned above if not following already. On top of that, you can use toothpaste especially make for sensitive teeth.

Sensodyne (not sponsored) is one such toothpaste that I personally have found to be really helpful to people with mild tooth sensitivity. Using it twice a day ensures relief from pain and you can eat like normal. 

There may be other brands as well but the main point to note is that you now should only use toothpaste made for sensitive teeth. And don't brush hard. Keep it gentle.  

Apart from the use of specific toothpaste, you can also use some home remedies. These are listed below:
  • Gargle and Rinse your mouth with Warm Salt Water. Do this twice a day. This will alleviate pain due to tooth sensitivity and also ensure longer relief.

  • Rinse your mouth with a solution of Honey & Warm Water. This will provide relief from pain and help in the healing of inflammation of gums.

  • You can also massage teeth and gums with a paste of turmeric, salt & mustard oil for relief.

Final Thoughts

Tooth sensitivity is a very common problem among the urban population these days. Thanks to the changing eating habits and improper care of teeth, many people face this issue.

And like many other lifestyle diseases and problems, this is also permanent. It cannot be healed completely at least not yet.

It can only be controlled by following the preventive tips as mentioned above.

And if you don't suffer from it yet, be fortunate and start taking care of your teeth from today itself.

If you have any suggestions, let me know in the comments below.

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