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Malaria | Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment | Health Tips

Malaria is a very common disease that is caused by a singled celled parasite and transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito.

Just like Dengue, it is curable if timely treated, but can prove fatal if proper care and treatment is not provided to the patient on time
Malaria - Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment | Health Tips

The malaria parasite affects the red blood cells of the body which burst open. Since red blood cells are very important for our body as they constitute the blood, any damage to them can prove fatal.

In this post, we will share the common symptoms experienced by the patients suffering from malaria, how one can prevent oneself from catching the disease and what should be the course of action for the treatment.

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Malaria Symptoms

When a person is bitten by the malaria parasite-carrying mosquito, the parasite travels to the liver where it matures. Once matured, it affects the red blood cells. All this process takes approximately 2-3 days.

Hence, a patient usually starts seeing malaria symptoms after 2-3 days from the bite.
The most common symptom experienced by the patients of Malaria is High Fever which is accompanied by:

  • Shaking/chills that can be either moderate or severe
  • Sweating
  • A headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Muscle Pain
In severe cases of Malaria, the patient may also experience:
  • Convulsions
  • Diarrhoea
  • Bloody Stools
  • He may go into a COMA.

Malaria Treatment

If you have any of the above symptoms, especially high fever and muscle pain, you should immediately visit the doctor and get yourself tested for Malaria.

Once it is confirmed that you are suffering from Malaria, the doctor will prescribe medication depending on your condition. If your health has deteriorated quite a bit, you may need to be hospitalised for round the clock care and treatment.

In normal cases, you may be allowed to go home. However, you need to take complete bed rest and take the medicines prescribed, at regular intervals.

The high fever that one experiences can cause damage to the organs of your body. Hence, it is of extreme importance to keep the body temperature under control. Here are a few things to do when the patient is taking bed rest at home.

  • Cold water bandages should be kept on the forehead and arms of the patient to lower the body temperature. 
  • Anti-pyretic medicines like paracetamol should be taken timely (will be most likely prescribed by the doctor himself).
  • Turmeric Milk should be administered to the patient once or twice a day. Turmeric is a great natural food that helps in improving the immunity of the body. and at that point, the patient needs to increase his immunity to fight the disease.
Malaria - Treatment

  • Even orange juice or other good sources of vitamin-c can be administered to the patient. Vitamin C helps in improving body immunity and fighting diseases.

Malaria - Prevention

The spread of Malaria can be prevented. Just like Dengue, Malaria is spread by mosquitoes. Hence by ensuring clean surrounding and not allowing water to stagnate, we can prevent the mosquitoes from breeding. This will greatly help in preventing Malaria from spreading to everyone.

Following precautions can be taken to check the spread of Malaria.
  • Keep the house and surrounding clean
  • Do not let water stagnate in and around your house.
  • Always wear full sleeve shirts and pants
  • Apply mosquito repellants when going out
  • Use mosquito repellants inside the house as well
  • Use mosquito nets when sleeping
  • Get fogging done in your neighbourhood every 2 weeks.
Malaria - Prevention

Final Thoughts

Malaria is a very common disease in India. Every year, hundreds of people lose their lives to this disease. This is mostly due to the unclean surroundings that allow mosquitoes to breed and carry the malaria-causing parasite. And since most of the Indian population is below the poverty line, they don't get access to the healthcare services on time, leading to their deaths.

As we have listed above Malaria has some very specific symptoms, which if you encounter, you should immediately consult the doctor to start the treatment on time. There are a few home remedies also that you can use as listed above.

However, the best solution is to prevent this disease from spreading. We need to be more aware and take extra steps towards the cleanliness in our homes and surroundings. Also, we should be aware of all the ways through which we can prevent the disease from spreading and take appropriate steps.

I am an ardent Techie and a Free Thinker. I love to explore new topics and technologies, and share my knowledge and views with the world.
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