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Zika Virus | Symptoms, Precautions and Treatment | Health Tips

With the latest cases of Zika Virus emerging from Rajasthan, India (October 2018), it's important to know about this disease and stay aware of the ways to avoid it.

Zika Virus fever spreads via mosquitoes, just like Dengue, Malaria and Chikungunya. It is spread by the Aedes Agypti mosquito which is the same mosquito which also spreads Dengue (this makes this mosquito very dangerous for humans).

Zika Virus | Symptoms, Precautions and Treatment | Health Tips


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Zika Virus Symptoms 

Zika is a viral disease, like dengue, and is spread by the Zika virus. It commonly transmits via the Aedes mosquito, as already mentioned. But it can also be transmitted via infected blood transfusion or sexual contact.

In severe cases, this virus can affect various parts of the body and can cause severe damage as you will read below.

Commonly, Zika Virus leads to the following symptoms in its patients like:
  • Fever
  • Rashes
  • A headache
  • Joint Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Chills
In severe cases of Zika, one can also experience conjunctivitis, bloodshot eyes, swollen cheeks etc. However, there are some cases as well where a patient may be suffering from Zika but may not show any symptoms of having the disease. 

This can be very dangerous, especially in the case of a pregnant woman, as she may not be affected severely but her child may develop issues due to the virus. Hence during pregnancy, all kinds of tests should be conducted.

If not treated on time, the patient can develop serious complications like:
  • Severe Dehydration
  • Paralysis
  • Miscarriage in pregnant women
  • Congenital defects in newborn children
  • Blindness
  • Deafness
  • and even Death

Zika Virus Treatment

Since it is a viral disease, there is no specific medicine to treat it, just like Dengue. There are general procedures to help the body develop immunity to fight out the virus.

If the above symptoms are experienced by anyone, he/she should get their Blood, Urine samples checked for Zika Virus.

Once the tests confirm the disease, the doctor can prescribe the next course of treatment depending on the condition of the patient. In most cases, the doctor will advise (and it is the best thing to do as well) to get admitted to the hospital so that proper and timely care can be given.

The patient will be administered fever-reducing antipyretic medicines, as well anti-vomiting if the patient is experiencing that as well.

As far as home remedies are concerned, 
  • the patient should keep drinking water to keep the body hydrated and flush out toxins produced by the virus. 
  • Since the body's immune system needs to fight out the disease, one can administer the patient turmeric milk which is known for its immunity boosting properties. 
Zika Virus Treatment
  • Fruits rich in Vitamin C, like orange and lemon, should be given to the patients. Vitamin C helps fight diseases.
  • Coconut water can also be given to the patient.

Zika Virus Prevention

Just like other diseases that spread via mosquitoes, Zika can also be prevented by following the below precautions:
  • Always wear full sleeved and shirts and clothes to prevent mosquitoes from biting.
  • Do not let water stagnate around your neighbourhood and allow mosquitoes to breed.
  • Keep your surroundings clean.
  • Since the Aedes mosquito is active mostly during the day, try to avoid dark areas during the day where mosquitoes might be active.
  • Use mosquito repellent creams to stay safe.
  • Get your neighbourhood fogged every fortnight to kill the mosquitoes.
Zika Virus Prevention
  • Use a mosquito net at night while sleeping.

Final Thoughts

Till now, Zika was mostly limited to the countries of Africa. However, with the recent large number of cases observed in northwestern India, it seems the disease has made its presence felt in the country.

And hence, we all should be ready to face this new enemy.

By keeping ourselves informed and aware about the disease, its symptoms and its treatment, we can definitely try and stop this disease from becoming a common medical problem in India.

As always, prevention is better than cure. And if you follow the precautions we have enumerated above, you can be sure to stay safe from this disease.

VIKALP GAUTAM
I am an ardent Techie and a Free Thinker. I love to explore new topics and technologies, and share my knowledge and views with the world.
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